The Verde River is one of the last perennial flowing desert streams in Arizona, located in the geographic center of the state. Its flow originates from aquifers and ephemeral washes in the Paulden area. The river then picks up flow as it intersects perennial tributaries and connected aquifers throughout the Verde River watershed, flowing over 190 miles to its confluence with the Salt River. With over 57 miles designated under the Wild & Scenic Rivers Act, the Verde watershed has many beneficial uses, including water supply, recreation, and habitat. As it approaches the confluence with the Salt River, it is impounded by Horseshoe and Bartlett dams to be used as a crucial water supply for the Phoenix Metropolitan Area. The Verde River has important ecological, economic, and cultural significance for Arizona and the nation.