Outside of the Prescott and Phoenix Metropolitan Areas, groundwater pumping in the watershed is largely unregulated. This is a threat to the future of the Verde River. Unfortunately, there is no publicly available record of groundwater use and this indicator is not scored in this report card analysis. For this reason it apperas "gray" in the report card text. In the future it will be beneficial to measure the extent to which best management practices concerning groundwater use have been implemented throughout the watershed.